How Diversification Works
When an investor’s portfolio is well diversified, the poor performance of one investment in a particular market environment may be balanced out by the success of other investments in the same market environment. This table highlights diversification at work:
- Consider how the top asset class one year may be a bottom performer the next year.
- In the past 15 years, emerging market equities were on top six times and on bottom five.
- Bonds helped balance the equity losses of 2018 and 2011.
- Managed futures significantly outperformed other asset classes during 2008’s financial crisis.
- Of course, diversification does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.
What Is the Right Balance for You?
You want to make sure your portfolio is efficiently diversified so you are not caught by surprise when a stock market correction appears out of nowhere. That said, it is important to get the investment mix right for your specific needs. For example, if you are a Millennial in your 30s, your portfolio mix will probably look a lot different than that of a Baby Boomer in their 60s readying to retire.
Your financial advisor can help you determine the right balance of equities, fixed income, and alternative investments you need depending on your age, risk tolerance and financial goals. Be sure to reach out to your financial advisor to discuss the portfolio diversification right for you – as well as maintaining that diversification by regular or systematic rebalancing.
Maintain Your Balance Through the Years
Consider the consequences of being unbalanced. This illustration shows how strong market action in one asset class can lead to unintended consequences if you don’t have a regular or systematic rebalancing process in place. A regular portfolio check-up with your financial advisor can help ensure your portfolio and financial goals remain properly aligned.
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Index is an unmanaged index that covers the US-dollar denominated, investment-grade, fixed-rate, taxable bond market of SEC-registered securities. The index includes bonds from the Treasury, government-related, corporate, mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, and collateralized mortgage-backed securities sectors.
Large Cap is measured by the Russell 1000® Index, an unmanaged index that measures the performance of the large-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe.
Mid Cap is measured by the Russell Midcap® Index, which measures performance of the 800 smallest companies (31% of total capitalization) in the Russell 1000 Index, with weighted average market capitalization of approximately $6.7 billion, median capitalization of $3.6 billion, and market capitalization of the largest company $13.7 billion.
Small Cap is measured by the Russell 2000® Index, which measures the performance of the small-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It includes approximately 2000 of the smallest securities based on a combination of their market cap and current index membership.
Bonds is measured by the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index, which is an unmanaged index that covers the U.S.-dollar-denominated, investment-grade, fixed-rate, taxable bond market of SEC-registered securities. The index includes bonds from the Treasury, government-related, corporate, mortgage-backed securities, asset-backed securities, and collateralized mortgage-backed securities sectors.
International Developed is measured by the MSCI EAFE Index, which is an unmanaged index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets, excluding the United States and Canada.
Emerging Markets is measured by the MSCI Emerging Markets Index, which is an unmanaged index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of emerging markets.
Long/Short Equity is measured by the Credit Suisse Long/Short Equity Hedge Fund Index, which measures the aggregate performance of dedicated short bias funds. Long/short equity funds typically invest in both long and short sides of equity markets, generally focusing on diversifying or hedging across particular sectors, regions or market capitalizations.
Managed Futures is measured by the Credit Suisse Managed Futures Hedge Fund Index, which measures the aggregate performance of dedicated short bias funds. Managed futures funds (often referred to as CTAs or Commodity Trading Advisors) typically focus on investing in listed bond, equity, commodity futures and currency markets, globally.
Multi-strategy is measured by the Credit Suisse Multi-Strategy Hedge Fund Index, which measures the aggregate performance of dedicated short bias funds. Multi-strategy funds typically are characterized by their ability to allocate capital based on perceived opportunities among several hedge fund strategies.
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