The difference between a sector fund and a thematic equity fund is an investible universe that offers diversification, balance and the ability to be exposed to both economically sensitive businesses and defensive businesses.
How did you get into thematics?
Incidentally, Arnaud Bisschop, the comanager of the Water fund, worked for Suez, so we both have uncannily similar backgrounds in that we both worked for two of France’s largest concessions businesses.
After Veolia, I moved to Impax Asset Management, which is an environmental and thematic investment manager based in the UK, and that effectively drew the finance and the environmental thematic strands of my career together. It was during my time at Impax that I got an opportunity to launch and manage the Impax Water strategy, which included one of the prestige products in that market.
Where are your key areas of focus within the Thematics team?
Nolan is also currently managing our Safety strategy with lead manager Frederic Dupraz.
We will shortly be adding new, permanent Portfolio Managers to the AI&R and Safety strategies, which will also free up Nolan to launch his own new strategy in Q3 of 2019 – a strategy that does not currently exist in the market and about which we are extremely excited.
So, we currently have five focused portfolio managers as well as Mohammed Amor, who heads up business development and client service.
At the heart of everything we do is the identification of long-term themes, underpinned by secular growth drivers that create the potential for thematic equity funds. The difference between a sector fund and a thematic equity fund is an investible universe that offers diversification, balance and the ability to be exposed to both economically sensitive businesses and defensive businesses.
By reputation in the market, Arnaud and I manage products with a profile that people tend to associate with being relatively defensive, or as we like to call it, ‘sleep-at-night money’. As active managers, we certainly aim to find and exploit shortterm valuation opportunities in some of the more cyclical companies in our value chain to capture market upside, but equally, we have plenty of defensive opportunities to act as a ‘counter-weight’ when there's a market drawdown.
What’s the main advantage with water as a thematic investment opportunity?
One of our biggest opportunities is based around changing demographics in emerging economies. Somewhere in the region of 350 million people in China are expected to move from rural to urban areas in the next 30 years. That clearly places a huge amount of strain on existing infrastructure and drives the need, at the government level, to invest in new infrastructure. In the US, on the other hand, there's something like a trillion dollars of refurbishment spending required in water infrastructure.
The whole water opportunity is driven essentially by imbalances in supply and demand, so governments are spending more money on the oversight of water quality – whether that’s for drinking water utilities or industrial water. And that also tends to be mandated spend, very predictable. Furthermore, there is a 100% correlation between water availability and a country's ability to grow its GDP. Without water, there can be no economic activity – none whatsoever.
Moreover, governments and the private sector are also waking up to the fact that there is a need to invest to mitigate against the effects of climate change. When you witness the clear and obvious changes in global weather patterns that we are experiencing today, it is clear that the water is falling where it didn't fall previously, and droughts are becoming longer and more severe. There’s simply more intense rainfall in different areas relative to previous decades – devastating floods caused by the recent cyclone in Mozambique, as well as the recent floods in Nebraska, and the five-year drought suffered by California.
Naturally, this puts pressure on governments, the agricultural sector and the private sector to invest to mitigate against the negative and sometimes devastating impacts of these changing weather patterns.
Thematics is beginning to take over investment management parlance in the same way that ESG (environmental, social and governance) did in 2018. What’s your approach to ESG?
We do that by integrating ESG in three key phases of our investment process. In the initial phase, which is where we identify our investible universe, we use a parent company negative screen. We're effectively screening out controversial weapons, and so on. This screen looks quite similar to the UN PRI-type negative screen.
We’re also working in partnership with a range of third party data providers, to get good quality ESG data on specific companies and the portfolio as a whole. Directionally, we would also like to provide our clients with an analysis of the impact of the portfolio relative to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Why was it necessary to work with partners in this space?
Equally, with impact-related information about the portfolios, we think we can put a powerful message to the market about some of the extra financial qualities of our portfolio. I should add that we also have access to data from ISS and Sustainalytics, so there are a number of different sources we can use.
Finally, in the active ownership parts of the process, we are using the ESG data to make decisions about whether we should be potentially capping position sizes of certain companies in the portfolio. We are also being disciplined about voting and engaging with companies where appropriate. Both of these things are often easier when you have more than ten years’ experience of speaking with the same individuals in many of the companies in which we invest.
So there is a direct link between poor ESG performance and position sizing?
How do you think different markets will take to thematic equity investing?
What does the road map look like for the team over the next 3 years?
What’s more, followers of our strategies can expect to be part of the narrative, as we hope to share insights on our strategies and the major milestones for our team along the way.